Destination-Based Sales Tax Assistance Effective January 1, 2021
This webpage is intended as a guide for Remote (Out-of-State) Retailers and Marketplace Facilitators who must collect and remit "Destination-based" Sales Tax. Illinois retailers subject to "Origin-based" Sales Tax should continue collecting and remitting their Illinois Sales Tax obligation as they have been.
Destination-based Rate means the total state and local retailers' occupation tax rate calculated for a sale using the rate in effect at the Illinois location to which the tangible personal property is shipped or delivered or at which possession is taken by the purchaser. [35 ILCS 120/2-12]
Remote retailers without a physical presence and marketplace facilitators must collect Retailers' Occupation Tax at the destination-based rate if they meet either of the tax remittance thresholds for sales into Illinois. For more information on Destination-based Sales Tax, see the Leveling the Playing Field for Illinois Retail Resource Page.
Use the following steps to aid in
- determining your tax rate and local government location code,
- adding a changing location to your MyTax Illinois account, and
- filing your Form ST-1/ ST-2.
Determining Your Tax Rate and the Location Code for a destination-based sale made to an Illinois purchaser -- Instructions for using MyTax Illinois Tax Rate Finder
To calculate the correct tax to collect and to determine the Location Code for your sale to an Illinois purchaser, use the "Search by Address" function of our MyTax Illinois Tax Rate Finder found on our website, mytax.illinois.gov.
- Enter the address of your purchaser or the destination of the sale
- Validate address to ensure the 9-digit zip code is properly displayed
- Select "Conduct Inquiry"
- Note the appropriate sales tax rate for the address where the taxable sale will be delivered or where possession will be taken (destination). This tax rate will be entered on the ST-2 Multiple Site Form. Multiple sales made to the same location code with the same tax rate will be entered as a single aggregate entry on the ST-2.
- Note the appropriate Location Code for the address where the taxable sale will be delivered or where possession will be taken (destination). The location code will have 11 characters (xxxxxxxxRxx). For example, the Springfield South Central Business District will have a location code of 08400016R01.
- The Location code and Local Government name will be used when adding a location to your account and when reporting the location on the ST-2 Multiple Site Form.
Note: If the location code has already been added to your registration, you do not need to add it again.
- Repeat steps 1-5 for each sale (location) to be reported.
Add the location code to your MyTax Illinois sales tax account
In order to file and pay sales tax correctly and without processing delays, each location in the state of Illinois to which you make sales must be added to your account before entering information on your Form ST-1 and Form ST-2.
- Log in to your MyTax Illinois account.
- If you do not have a MyTax Illinois account visit mytax.Illinois.gov to create a Mytax Illinois account, call Central Registration at 217-785-3707 or email email@example.com
- If you need to change your registration from a Use Tax account to a destination-based sales tax account contact Central Registration at 217 785-3707 or firstname.lastname@example.org for assistance.
NOTE: There are two separate tables on the "Add Changing Locations Sites" tab labeled "Municipalities" and "Counties". The location code for most addresses in the state will be listed in the "Municipality" table. If the "Local Government" name listed on the Tax Rate Finder has the word "County" in it, use the 'county' table to find the location. All others will use the 'Municipalities' table.
You may filter through locations by using the filter line on either table. Enter the "Location code" or the "Local Government" name from the Tax Rate Finder to narrow the search.
NOTE: Some municipalities will have more than one taxing jurisdiction (business districts, mass transit districts, or multi-county municipalities), be sure to use the location code provided in the tax rate finder for the address of your sale. (If you have previously added a location, it will not show as available to add again.)
Once you have added the location to your sales tax account registration, you will not need to add it again for subsequent sales.
Information on location codes
Above is an example of a complete location code which includes the "abbreviated" location code, the location sequence number, and taxing district number.
The 11-character location code that is listed on the Tax Rate Finder consists of the 8-digit "abbreviated" location code and the taxing district number (for the example above the tax rate finder would have returned 06000274R10 listed as Troy (MED)).
The first eight (8) numbers of the above code represents the "abbreviated" location code. This number may be the same for multiple taxing jurisdictions around the same area.
- EXAMPLE: The above number is for the Troy (MED) location. The same beginning eight number code will be used for the five other taxing jurisdictions in Troy area as well. These include the Troy location outside of the MED or any of the four business districts in Troy.
The last three numbers in the above code represent the taxing district number and distinguishes one of the taxing locations in an area from another.
- EXAMPLE: The Troy (MED) location has a taxing district number of R10. As stated earlier, Troy (MED) shows up in the Tax Rate Finder as 06000274R10. The Troy-Dorothy Drive Business District shows up in the tax rate finder as 06000274R01 while the Troy Business District IV shows up as 06000274R04.
Once a location has been added to your account, IDOR's system will assign that location a location sequence number based on how many locations with the same 8-digit "abbreviated" location code have been added. The first location sequence number assigned when adding a changing location is '000', the second location with the same "abbreviated" location code is assigned '900', the third is assigned '901', the fourth is assigned '902', etc.
- EXAMPLE: If you add the Troy (MED) area to your account as a changing location before adding any other '06000274' "abbreviated" location code, it will be assigned the '000' location sequence code. In other words, it will now show up in MyTax Illinois as 06000274000. If you add the Troy-Dorothy Drive Business District next, it will be assigned a location sequence code of '900' (because it is the second 06000274 "abbreviated" location code to be added) and show up in MyTax Illinois as 06000274900. If the third 06000274 "abbreviated" location code you add is for the Troy Business District IV, it will show up in MyTax Illinois as 06000274901. NOTE: Once the specific location has been added to your account, the taxing district number is no longer displayed in MyTax Illinois.
Electronic filing methods
IDOR has two ways to file a return electronically.
- MyTax Illinois--MyTax Illinois is a free online account management program that offers a centralized location for businesses to register for taxes, file returns, make payments, and manage their tax accounts. NOTE: Participants using our free MyTax Illinois program should not complete Form IL-8633-B unless they plan to use the Illinois Electronic Filing Program in addition to the MyTax Illinois Program.
- Direct (Electronic) File--IDOR has the ability to electronically receive and process certain return types from software developers, transmitters, Electronic Return Originators (EROs), and taxpayers. Participants must be enrolled and follow IDOR's guidelines. To enroll, complete Form IL-8633-B, Business Electronic Filing Enrollment. For more information, visit IDOR's Electronic Filing Program for Sales & Use Tax Returns page.
NOTE: Illinois filers are not restricted to using only one method for filing and remitting. They may use either of the above electronic methods for filing their return and another of IDOR's payment methods for remitting their taxes.
Filing for the period
All sales from a period are reported on an ST-1 tax return, which is due on the 20th of the month following the close of the reporting period. The ST-2 is used to report sales and tax collected by location code.
For MyTax Illinois Filers – MyTax has many automated features to help complete your sales tax return faster and easier. In MyTax Illinois:
- Once in your ST-1 return, select the ST-2 tab at the top of the form to report taxable sales made to each location. After selecting the ST-2 tab, users can access the desired location by clicking on the location code next to the appropriate location name from the list of locations.
- Enter the amount of taxable transactions for each location. Multiple sales made to the same location code with the same tax rate will be entered as a single combined entry on the ST-2.
- Tax rates will automatically be populated on the ST-2 based on the location that was selected.
- Tax due will be systematically calculated using your general merchandise sales (4a) and/or Food, drug and medical appliances (5a) and carried to the ST-1.
- Complete the ST-1. See the Form ST-1 Instructions for more information.
MyTax Illinois examples for reporting sales on the ST-2
Example 1 --
The Basket Place is a registered remote retailer which reports sales of gift baskets to three different addresses in Jerseyville.
1st transaction: $50
2nd transaction: $25
3rd transaction: $100
The tax rate finder returns the same location code for all three addresses. The location code is 04200012R00 with a tax rate of 8.500%. The transactions in this example are reported on the same ST-2 tab, therefore only one location must be added through MyTax using the appropriate location code (04200012R00) and location name (Jerseyville). The taxable transactions ($50 + $25 + $100) will be totaled (total of $175) and entered as a single entry on line 4a of the ST-2 tab for location 04200012R00. The tax is systematically calculated for the taxable sales on line 4b.
Example 2 --
Klothes for Kittens is a registered remote retailer which reports sales to two addresses in Springfield.
1st transaction: $100 sale of rain boots for cats to John Smith
2nd transaction: $200 sale of collars for cats to Ms. Jones
For the first transaction, the tax rate finder returns a location code of 08400016R00 and a tax rate of 9.75%. For the second transaction, the tax rate finder returns a location code of 08400016R01 with a Springfield-South Central business district tax rate of 10.75%. The transactions in this example are reported on separate ST-2 tabs, therefore both locations must be added through MyTax using the appropriate location codes and location names. The amounts are entered on line 4a of their respective ST-2 tabs. The tax is systematically calculated for the taxable sales on line 4b.
Example 3 --
The Spicy Owl is a registered remote retailer which reports separate sales of spice grinders to multiple restaurants in Troy.
1st transaction: $100 sale to a restaurant address in Troy
2nd transaction: $150 sale to a restaurant address in Troy (MED)
3rd transaction: $50 sale to a restaurant address in Troy-Dorothy Drive Business District
For the first transaction ($100), the tax rate finder returns a location code of 06000244R00 and a tax rate of 6.60%. For the second transaction ($150), the tax rate finder returns a location code of 06000274R10 and a tax rate of 6.85%. For the third transaction ($50), the tax rate finder returns a location code of 06000274R01 and a tax rate of 6.85%. The Spicy Owl appropriately used Tax Rate Finder to add all three changing locations with the appropriate location code and location name. The transactions in this example are reported on separate ST-2 tabs. The amounts are entered on line 4a of their respective ST-2 tabs. The tax is systematically calculated for the taxable sales on line 4b.
For Direct File (Electronic) Filers – Taxpayers that use direct file options should frequently visit IDOR's Electronic Filing Program for Sales & Use Tax Returns page for updates. IDOR will post updates to electronic filing information as they become available.
- Direct filers are required to use the complete 14-digit location code for each of their changing locations that have been registered to their account. The complete location code will be the 11 characters as listed in on their MyTax Illinois account plus the taxing district number (Rxx number) found from the machine-readable file or the Tax Rate Finder (see "Information on Location Codes" above for more information). Enter the 14-digit code on the "Location Code" line for each unique location code to which sales were made during the reporting period.
- On Form ST-2, enter the amount of taxable transactions for each location for the reporting period. Multiple sales made to the same location code with the same tax rate will be entered as a single combined entry on the ST-2.
- See the direct file specifications on the Electronic Filing Program for Sales & Use Tax Returns page for more information.
MyTax will systematically round sales figures appropriately.
For example, $1.49 becomes $1 and $2.50 becomes $3. If you need to add two or more amounts to figure the amount to enter on a line, include cents when adding the amounts and round only the total.
- The remote retailer shall maintain books and records for its sales, including all sales made over a marketplace, in accordance with the requirements of Section 7 of the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act (ROTA).
- Additional information for remote retailers and marketplace facilitators can be found on the IDOR's website at: